LV3 Unit1 Part1 精讲(1) — An Unusual Day/Bus Schedule

An Unusual Day

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Kathy usually gets up at 6:30, but this morning she didn’t hear her alarm.

一般过去时:用来描述发生在过去的事情
有表示过去时间点的词或短语, 如 last year ; yesterday; 6 years ago …
在过去式中 动词要变成 动词过去式。

1.2.1规则变化
动词结尾+ed
paly + ed => played   双元音音素ei +ed 读d
work + ed => worked  清辅音音素k+ed 读t
本身e结尾的动词直接 +  d
love + d => loved (爱过)
辅音字母 + y 结尾的词,变y为i 再加ed
Study –> studied

1.2.2 不规则变化
do -> did
go -> went

As a result, she overslept.

as a result: 表示某个原因导致的结果。
oversleep -> overslept (不规则动词变化)

She didn’t get up until 7:00, 30 minutes later than usual.

一般过去式的否定句:   主语 + didn’t + 动词 + 其他
do -> did (动词的不规则变化)
not … until … : 直到…才…( 否定句表示肯定的意思。 )   
比较级 + than usual :比平常更…
earlier than usual 比平常早

As a result, she didn’t have time to cook breakfast for her children.

What time does she usually gets up?

Why didn’t she cook breakfast?

Today, Kathy and her kids left home early.

leave -> left (动词的不规则变化)

They usually leave home at 7:30, but today they left at 7:15.

They left early because they had to buy breakfast on their way to school.

have to –> had to (动词的不规则变化)
不得不(因为某种客观原因迫使不得不做某事)
e.g. I have to get a new job because my boss is terrible.

on one’s way to 在谁去哪里的路上
e.g. on my way to the restaurant 在我去餐厅的路上

What do they have to buy on their way to school?

It usually takes 45 minutes to drive her kids to school, but today it took longer.

It takes (sb) + 时间 + to do sth. 做某事需要花费某人多久的时间。
take –> took (不规则变化)

It took them longer because they stopped for breakfast on the way.

stop -> stopped (( 重读闭音节 )双写结尾辅音字母再加ed)
 重读闭音节:
①结尾是辅音 + 元音 + 辅音
②单词的重音在结尾的音节
stop for … 为… 做短暂停留
Let’s stop for lunch.
along the way = on their way 在路上

It took 15 minutes for them to have breakfast.

It takes (sb) + 时间 + to do sth.
take -> took (不规则变化)

They ate at a little coffee shop along the side of the road.

eat-> ate(不规则变化)

How long did it usually take them to school?

After eating breakfast, they got back into the car.

get->got (不规则变化)

On most days, the traffic isn’t too bad in the morning.

But this morning, it was much worse than usual.

is->was(不规则变化)
bad -> worse (形容词的比较级)
much修饰比较级worse,进一步强调两者的比较

The cars were moving very slowly.

are->were(不规则变化)

As a result, it took them longer than usual to get to school.

Why did it take them longer than usual to get to school?

How was the traffic this morning?

The traffic was much worse than usual.

One of her children got to school on time, but the other two were late.

on time 准时的

They were late because their schools are farther away.

far(原型) –> farther/further(比较级)

They were both about 10 minutes late to school.

When Kathy finally got home, she cleaned house as usual.

clean –> cleaned (动词规则变化)
as usual 和往常一样。

She vacuumed the living room and cleaned to bathroom.

Vacuum(v. 用吸尘器清扫)
Vacuum cleaner 吸尘器

Then she talk with her friend on the phone as usual.

Then 接着,然后

When she finished talking with her friend, she got into her car.

She put the key into the ignition, and tried to start the engine.

put –> put (过去式和原形 一样)
try –> tried (规则动词 y变i加ed)
try to do sth 尝试做某事
ignition 点火器
engine 引擎   
e.g. start the engine.(发动引擎)

But her car’s engine didn’t start.

Her car battery was dead, so she had to call for help.

The battery is dead. 电池没电了。
call for help。打电话求助

After getting a new battery for her car, the engine started.

Start-> started (规则变化)

Then Kathy droved to the mall to meet her friend.

drive -> drove (不规则变化)                     
drive to the mall 开车到商场

She arrived at the mall an hour late, her friend was waiting for her.

arrive at + 小地点,到达某地
arrive -> arrived

wait for sb/sth 等                    
I’m waiting for a friend.                    
I’m waiting for the bus.

过去进行时:表示过去正在发生的某个动作。
her friend was waiting for her.
现在进行时:表示现在正在发生的某个动作。
her friend is waiting for her.

They had lunch together and then they went shopping.

go -> went(不规则变化)
        e.g. I went to Beijing 3 years ago.
go shopping 购物

They both bought new shoes and some things for their kids.

buy –> bought(不规则变化)

Kathy bought a new tie for her husband.

What happen to after she got a new battery?

It’s now 3:00 and everything is going as usual.

Kathy doesn’t want anything else to go wrong.

go wrong 出岔子

She wants the rest of the day to go as usual.

go as usual 一切照常

She doesn’t want any more surprises.

And tomorrow she won’t oversleep.

She never wants to oversleep again.

回顾:
不规则的动词过去式
            oversleep –– overslept
leave —- left
has — had
have — had
take  — took
eat — ate
is   —– was
are —-  were
get  —   got
put — put
           drive — drove                                 
buy  —- bought
时态:
                             一般过去时:用来描述发生在过去的事情。
                                       动词过去式的规则变化
                                       动词过去式的不规则变化
                             一般现在时:可用来表示经常发生的动作。
                             过去进行时:表示过去正在发生的某个动作。
                             现在进行时:表示现在正在发生的某个动作。

词组:
not … until … : 直到…才…( 否定句表示肯定的意思。 )
have to –> had to (动词的不规则变化) 不得不
As a result: 表示某个原因导致的结果。
on one’s way to 在谁去哪里的路上
It takes (sb) + 时间 + to do sth. 做某事需要花费某人多久的时间。
stop for … 为… 做短暂停留
on time 准时的
as usual 和往常一样。
try to do sth 尝试做某事
The battery is dead. 电池没电了。
call for help。打电话求助
drive to the mall 开车到商场
arrive at + 小地点,到达某地
wait for sb/sth 等 
go shopping 购物
go wrong 出岔子
go as usual 一切照常

Bus Schedule

Here is a bus schedule at a busstop .

schedule  /ˈskedʒʊl; skɛdʒʊl/ 计划,安排 ,时间表
e.g. We are on schedule.

On most days, the buses come on schedule ,but sometimes they don’t .

on schedule 按时到达  
on schedule  rate  正点率

Yesterday ,for example ,several buses were late .

This is because the traffic yesterday was much heavier than usual .

一般现在时解释客观原因,一般过去时描述过去的事情   
Heavy / bad traffic 交通拥堵:交通状况差
可变成   => the traffic yesterday is much worse than usual.

Bus No.38 was supposed to come at 8:40,but it was 5 minutes late .

be supposed to 应该,被期望,被要求理应 
you were supposed to be here at 8:00 .
be not supposed to 大概不至于不得

It didn’t come until 8:45 .

Bus No.60 was supposed to come at 8:30 .

Butyesterday it didn’t come until 8:40

It was 10minutes late .

Not one bus came early .

Come -> came(不规则变化)

As a result of the delays , one man got on the wrong bus .

As a result of + 名词 : 因为…
As a result of the rain, we can’t go out.
Delay (延误)
get on 搭乘某种交通工具
get on the bus/subway…

He want to go to the airport ,so he wanted to get on the bus No.38 .

Want to do something…想要做某事

He expected it to come at 8:40 .

Expected sb/sth  to do sth期望某人/某物怎么样

Instead ,he got on bus No.60, which came at 8:40 .

Instead 代替,相反的。
There was no coffee. Instead ,I had a cup of tea.
There was no coffee. I had a cup of tea instead.

He didn’t notice that it was the wrong bus .It didn’t go to the airport .

notice 注意到,察觉到

As a result , he missed his flight .

miss -> missed 错过
flight 航班



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