标签归档:笔记

懂你英语–小班答疑课笔记(1)

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  • 一、关于发音:
    1. 为什么发音不标准
      早期形成的错误发音没有及时纠正,养成了错误的习惯,比如用中文标记
    2. 输入量太少—听的少,大脑对于正确的发音的认知角欠缺,辨音能力弱
    3. 输出量太少—说的少,不习惯英文的发音方式,口腔鸡肉不灵活。

      解决办法
      多听正确的发音,多开口练习。
      (level 3 通过问题单词 -> 探究深层的音标问题/技巧问题  à 建立发音体系)
  • 二、 六个高频音标 /I/ ,/i:/ , /v/, /w/, /l/, /n/
    先将音标再用单词练习,从根源解决问题,建立发音体系
    句子练不好的情况,除了单词的准确性,往往伴随着发音技巧,比如:连读,失爆,语音语调等问题
    所以前提是要解决 发音技巧/改善语音语调
  • 三、Lv3答疑框架
  • 四、我该怎么练:
    1. 多听原音:观察原句的发音,注意细节:单词发音,停顿、断句、语调等
    2. 多录音:跟读联系:模仿你听到的原因,而不是用原来的错误发音再单纯的念一遍
  • 五、微信的使用:
    1. 私信老师
    2. 语音发送问题单词/句子
    3. 搭配截图给助教老师
    4. 老师进行纠音指导
    5.反复练习
  • 六、单词本、词典的使用:
    遇到生词不会连或发音不准的,加入单词本,单独练习。
    要勤查字典,推荐使用app 单词本
  • 七、错题本
    APP中错题本会记录 发音低于75分的句子,在错题本中针对性的练习
  • 八、笔记
    记录错题、包含同种问题的单词、句子、分类练习
  • 九、地道发音
    小班课里面会收到赠送的精品发音课程、APPà轻松学à地道发音 :预习复习音标,辅助练习
  • 十、答疑课中:
    深入讲解发音,老师带领课堂练习,一定要张嘴练习
  • 十一、答疑课后:
    完成课后练习作业,先听课再练习
  • 十二、注重平时的积累
    增加英文听你输入量,注意模仿,培养语感。
  • 十三、练了半天还是错的?
    错误的发音伴随你越久,纠正所花的时间也越久,
    请做好长期练习,死磕发音的心理准备
    发音修炼,道阻且长,科学练习,永不放弃

学习方法的建议

  1. 懂你– 正确的使用懂你英语,听原音,多录音,模仿
  2. 工具 — 善于使用工具、单词本,词典、错词本笔记等
  3. 答疑课—课堂练习张口练,课后练习认真练
  4. 平时积累—多进行英文听你输入,培养语感

预告:下节课音标[大口/ æ /和小口/e/]

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Lv3 Unit 1 Part 1 精讲(2)- Vocabulary & Dialogue

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  • Vocabulary    Activities & Food
  • Vacabulary    Spatial Relations
  • Dialogue      Meeting at the Aireport
  • Dialogue      Staying up Late

Activities

Weddings are where two people get married.

    Wedding 婚礼
    get married 结婚
    merry 结婚
    marry somebody 与某人结婚
    e.g.Bruno Mars – Marry you (婚礼歌曲)

    现在进行时:主语 + be + 动词ing ,
表示说话时,或现阶段正在发生的动作或状态

getting married 举行婚礼
This man and woman are getting married.

The building in the middle is an office building.

    in the middle 是The building的后置定语
    during在…期间  

Many people come to work here during the week.

during the day 在白天
    during the week 周一到周五,整个工作日期间
    during the weekend (周六、周日)周末期间

These people are at a dance party.

The woman in the green dress is dancing with her boyfriend.

    描写人的着装:
    in + 具体的衣服颜色和款式:the woman in the green dress
    in + 颜色: the girl in red(没有定冠词the)

These two people are meeting for the first time.

    meet 相遇,碰头
    meet somebody 和某人碰头
    for the first time 表示第一次

They are shaking hands.

    shake 摇动 -> shaking(现在进行时)
    shake hands 握手
    e.g. shake this bottle of juice before you drink it.喝前摇一摇

This young boy is brushing his teeth.

    young 年轻的
    young boy 小男孩
    tooth -> teeth (名词复数不规则变化)

He brushed his teeth several times a day(一天几次).

    brush teeth 刷牙。
e.g.
I goto the gym several times a week(一周几次).


Food

Candies and cakes are sweet because they are made with lots of sugar.

sweet 甜的
e.g. You are so sweet!

sweet heart(甜心)

candy(单数) -> candies(复数)
sugar 蔗糖(不可数)

被动语态:
    被动语态表示主语是动作的承受者,英语中的被动语态由“be+动车的过去分词”构成

make -> made
be made with 由…构成

Eating too many sweets isn’t good for your teeth.

sweet 甜的(adj.)
sweet(s)甜食(包括糖果、蛋糕等)(n.)
eating too many sweets (动名词做主语)表示吃太多糖这件事,所以后面跟isn’t(单数),而不是跟aren’t

Lemons and grapefruit taste a little sour, so some people don’t like them.

Some sour tasting food have a lot of vitamin C.

    sour 酸的
       lemon 柠檬
       grapefruit 西柚、葡萄柚     
       grape 葡萄

These red peppers are very hot and spicy.

    hot / spicy 辣的
    pepper 辣椒;胡椒
    red pepper 红辣椒
       black pepper 黑胡椒

Eating hot or spicy foods raises body temperature, so don’t eat them before going to bed.    

吃辣的东西体温会升高,建议大家不要在睡前吃。
raise 上升
body temperature 体温   

These foods are deep-fried and greasy.

    fried 油煎、油炒的
    deep-fried 油完全没过食物的(油炸的)
    greasy 油腻的

Greasy foods have a lot of calories, so don’t eat them if you want to lose weight.

    calories 卡路里

Healthy foods are usually natural and don’t include dangerous chemicals.

    Chemicals 化学品

Fruits and vegetables are examples of healthy foods.

    are examples of举例子
    e.g.
Hamburgers and fried chickens are examples of unhealthy foods.


Spatial Relations

The triangle is inside the square.

    inside: 在里面(包围在里面)
    e.g.
a book is inside the bag. 书在袋子里.

The square is around the triangle.

    around: 围绕在外面
    e.g.
       The defensive wall is around the city.防御墙围绕在城市外面。

The triangle is inside the circle.

    三角形在圆形里面

The circle is around the triangle.

    圆形在三角形外面

The square is inside the triangle.

    正方形在三角形里面

The triangle is around the square.

    三角形在正方形外面

The circle is between two small squares.

    圆在两个小正方形中间
    between 在两者之间

There’s a square on either side of the circle.

    圆的两侧各有一个小正方形
    on either side of 在…的两旁

The circle is on the left of a rectangle.

    A on the left of B (A在B的左边)

The rectangle is on the right of the circle.

    A on the right of B (A在B的右边)

Meeting at the Aireport

Hey, where are you?

I don’t see you anywhere.

    anywhere.任何地方

I’m on the subway.

My flight arrived early, and I’m tired.

    arrive -> arrived(过去时)

I’m sorry to be late.

I’ll be there as fast as I can.

一般将来时:
一般将来时表示将来某一时刻的动作或状态,或将来某一段时间内经常的动作或状态。

一般将来时结构:
1. will+动词原形,(will经常简略成’ll,并和主语连在一起)
2. 主语十be动词十going t十动词原形

e.g.
I will meet him tomorrow.
I’m going to meet him tomorrow.

Where are you now?

There are three more stops.

I’ll be there in ten minutes.

in + 时间段  在多长时间之后(一般将来时)
e.g.
in ten minutes
in a few days

I’ll meet you at the bus stop in front of terminal 2.( 2号航站楼)

Then we can get a taxi.

OK. I’ll look for you in front of terminal 2.

See you soon.

look for 寻找
look for his book找他的书
look for a job 找工作

Staying up Late

What’s the matter, Tom?

I don’t feel well.

Are you sick?

    sick 生病的,不舒服的,恶心的

No, I don’t think so. 

    不,我不这么觉得。

I’m just tired.

Didn’t you get enough sleep?

    你没睡好吗?
    enough 充足的

No, I didn’t. 

    我没睡好
否定:No, I didn’t. 
    肯定:Yes, I did.(我睡得很好)
    按事实说话回答,且前后统一。

I went to bed later than usual last night. 

    later than usual 比平常晚

What time did you go to bed?

I didn’t go to bed until 12:00.

    not … until… 直到…才…
    until后可以跟时间点,也可以跟做的事情
    e.g.
       I didn’t go to bed until I finished my homework.

Why did you stay up so late?

    stay up late 熬夜
    so 程度副词

I was watching some videos online.

    过去进行时:
       主语 + be动词的过去式(was/were) + 动词的ing形式
       过去在某段时间或一段时间正在进行的动作或状态
    e.g.
We were watching TV from seven to nine last night.

What kind of videos?

    Kind 种类
    What kind of … 哪一类的?
    e.g.
        What kind of jobs?
        What kind of questions?

Music videos from all over the world.

    all over the world全世界
    =>around the world
    e.g.
       He likes to travel around of the world.

Really?

Sure, I’ll send you some links if you’d like.

    link 链接
    if you’d like.如果你想的话
    => if you would like

    send 发送
       send sb. sth.
            send you some links.
       send sth. to sb.
           I’ll send some links to you, if you’d like.

Thanks, I like music videos too. 

They are really fun. 

Just don’t stay up too late.

Don’t worry.

I won’t stay up too late. 

    一般将来时否定句:
1. 主语 + will not + 动词原形
2. 主语 + will be not going to + 动词原形
=> I’m not going to stay up too late.

I need my sleep. 

回顾:
语法
         现在进行时:主语 + be + 动词ing形式
         被动语态:be + 动词的过去分词
         一般将来时:
1. 主语 + will + 动词原形
2. 主语 + will be going to + 动词原形

一般将来时:
1. 主语 + will not + 动词原形
2. 主语 + will be not going to + 动词原形

位置
         Inside
         around
         between
         on either side of
         on the left/right of

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LV3 Unit1 Part1 精讲(1) — An Unusual Day/Bus Schedule

An Unusual Day

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Kathy usually gets up at 6:30, but this morning she didn’t hear her alarm.

一般过去时:用来描述发生在过去的事情
有表示过去时间点的词或短语, 如 last year ; yesterday; 6 years ago …
在过去式中 动词要变成 动词过去式。

1.2.1规则变化
动词结尾+ed
paly + ed => played   双元音音素ei +ed 读d
work + ed => worked  清辅音音素k+ed 读t
本身e结尾的动词直接 +  d
love + d => loved (爱过)
辅音字母 + y 结尾的词,变y为i 再加ed
Study –> studied

1.2.2 不规则变化
do -> did
go -> went

As a result, she overslept.

as a result: 表示某个原因导致的结果。
oversleep -> overslept (不规则动词变化)

She didn’t get up until 7:00, 30 minutes later than usual.

一般过去式的否定句:   主语 + didn’t + 动词 + 其他
do -> did (动词的不规则变化)
not … until … : 直到…才…( 否定句表示肯定的意思。 )   
比较级 + than usual :比平常更…
earlier than usual 比平常早

As a result, she didn’t have time to cook breakfast for her children.

What time does she usually gets up?

Why didn’t she cook breakfast?

Today, Kathy and her kids left home early.

leave -> left (动词的不规则变化)

They usually leave home at 7:30, but today they left at 7:15.

They left early because they had to buy breakfast on their way to school.

have to –> had to (动词的不规则变化)
不得不(因为某种客观原因迫使不得不做某事)
e.g. I have to get a new job because my boss is terrible.

on one’s way to 在谁去哪里的路上
e.g. on my way to the restaurant 在我去餐厅的路上

What do they have to buy on their way to school?

It usually takes 45 minutes to drive her kids to school, but today it took longer.

It takes (sb) + 时间 + to do sth. 做某事需要花费某人多久的时间。
take –> took (不规则变化)

It took them longer because they stopped for breakfast on the way.

stop -> stopped (( 重读闭音节 )双写结尾辅音字母再加ed)
 重读闭音节:
①结尾是辅音 + 元音 + 辅音
②单词的重音在结尾的音节
stop for … 为… 做短暂停留
Let’s stop for lunch.
along the way = on their way 在路上

It took 15 minutes for them to have breakfast.

It takes (sb) + 时间 + to do sth.
take -> took (不规则变化)

They ate at a little coffee shop along the side of the road.

eat-> ate(不规则变化)

How long did it usually take them to school?

After eating breakfast, they got back into the car.

get->got (不规则变化)

On most days, the traffic isn’t too bad in the morning.

But this morning, it was much worse than usual.

is->was(不规则变化)
bad -> worse (形容词的比较级)
much修饰比较级worse,进一步强调两者的比较

The cars were moving very slowly.

are->were(不规则变化)

As a result, it took them longer than usual to get to school.

Why did it take them longer than usual to get to school?

How was the traffic this morning?

The traffic was much worse than usual.

One of her children got to school on time, but the other two were late.

on time 准时的

They were late because their schools are farther away.

far(原型) –> farther/further(比较级)

They were both about 10 minutes late to school.

When Kathy finally got home, she cleaned house as usual.

clean –> cleaned (动词规则变化)
as usual 和往常一样。

She vacuumed the living room and cleaned to bathroom.

Vacuum(v. 用吸尘器清扫)
Vacuum cleaner 吸尘器

Then she talk with her friend on the phone as usual.

Then 接着,然后

When she finished talking with her friend, she got into her car.

She put the key into the ignition, and tried to start the engine.

put –> put (过去式和原形 一样)
try –> tried (规则动词 y变i加ed)
try to do sth 尝试做某事
ignition 点火器
engine 引擎   
e.g. start the engine.(发动引擎)

But her car’s engine didn’t start.

Her car battery was dead, so she had to call for help.

The battery is dead. 电池没电了。
call for help。打电话求助

After getting a new battery for her car, the engine started.

Start-> started (规则变化)

Then Kathy droved to the mall to meet her friend.

drive -> drove (不规则变化)                     
drive to the mall 开车到商场

She arrived at the mall an hour late, her friend was waiting for her.

arrive at + 小地点,到达某地
arrive -> arrived

wait for sb/sth 等                    
I’m waiting for a friend.                    
I’m waiting for the bus.

过去进行时:表示过去正在发生的某个动作。
her friend was waiting for her.
现在进行时:表示现在正在发生的某个动作。
her friend is waiting for her.

They had lunch together and then they went shopping.

go -> went(不规则变化)
        e.g. I went to Beijing 3 years ago.
go shopping 购物

They both bought new shoes and some things for their kids.

buy –> bought(不规则变化)

Kathy bought a new tie for her husband.

What happen to after she got a new battery?

It’s now 3:00 and everything is going as usual.

Kathy doesn’t want anything else to go wrong.

go wrong 出岔子

She wants the rest of the day to go as usual.

go as usual 一切照常

She doesn’t want any more surprises.

And tomorrow she won’t oversleep.

She never wants to oversleep again.

回顾:
不规则的动词过去式
            oversleep –– overslept
leave —- left
has — had
have — had
take  — took
eat — ate
is   —– was
are —-  were
get  —   got
put — put
           drive — drove                                 
buy  —- bought
时态:
                             一般过去时:用来描述发生在过去的事情。
                                       动词过去式的规则变化
                                       动词过去式的不规则变化
                             一般现在时:可用来表示经常发生的动作。
                             过去进行时:表示过去正在发生的某个动作。
                             现在进行时:表示现在正在发生的某个动作。

词组:
not … until … : 直到…才…( 否定句表示肯定的意思。 )
have to –> had to (动词的不规则变化) 不得不
As a result: 表示某个原因导致的结果。
on one’s way to 在谁去哪里的路上
It takes (sb) + 时间 + to do sth. 做某事需要花费某人多久的时间。
stop for … 为… 做短暂停留
on time 准时的
as usual 和往常一样。
try to do sth 尝试做某事
The battery is dead. 电池没电了。
call for help。打电话求助
drive to the mall 开车到商场
arrive at + 小地点,到达某地
wait for sb/sth 等 
go shopping 购物
go wrong 出岔子
go as usual 一切照常

Bus Schedule

Here is a bus schedule at a busstop .

schedule  /ˈskedʒʊl; skɛdʒʊl/ 计划,安排 ,时间表
e.g. We are on schedule.

On most days, the buses come on schedule ,but sometimes they don’t .

on schedule 按时到达  
on schedule  rate  正点率

Yesterday ,for example ,several buses were late .

This is because the traffic yesterday was much heavier than usual .

一般现在时解释客观原因,一般过去时描述过去的事情   
Heavy / bad traffic 交通拥堵:交通状况差
可变成   => the traffic yesterday is much worse than usual.

Bus No.38 was supposed to come at 8:40,but it was 5 minutes late .

be supposed to 应该,被期望,被要求理应 
you were supposed to be here at 8:00 .
be not supposed to 大概不至于不得

It didn’t come until 8:45 .

Bus No.60 was supposed to come at 8:30 .

Butyesterday it didn’t come until 8:40

It was 10minutes late .

Not one bus came early .

Come -> came(不规则变化)

As a result of the delays , one man got on the wrong bus .

As a result of + 名词 : 因为…
As a result of the rain, we can’t go out.
Delay (延误)
get on 搭乘某种交通工具
get on the bus/subway…

He want to go to the airport ,so he wanted to get on the bus No.38 .

Want to do something…想要做某事

He expected it to come at 8:40 .

Expected sb/sth  to do sth期望某人/某物怎么样

Instead ,he got on bus No.60, which came at 8:40 .

Instead 代替,相反的。
There was no coffee. Instead ,I had a cup of tea.
There was no coffee. I had a cup of tea instead.

He didn’t notice that it was the wrong bus .It didn’t go to the airport .

notice 注意到,察觉到

As a result , he missed his flight .

miss -> missed 错过
flight 航班



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