Lv3 Unit 1 Part 1 精讲(2)- Vocabulary & Dialogue

–> 笔记列表

  • Vocabulary    Activities & Food
  • Vacabulary    Spatial Relations
  • Dialogue      Meeting at the Aireport
  • Dialogue      Staying up Late

Activities

Weddings are where two people get married.

    Wedding 婚礼
    get married 结婚
    merry 结婚
    marry somebody 与某人结婚
    e.g.Bruno Mars – Marry you (婚礼歌曲)

    现在进行时:主语 + be + 动词ing ,
表示说话时,或现阶段正在发生的动作或状态

getting married 举行婚礼
This man and woman are getting married.

The building in the middle is an office building.

    in the middle 是The building的后置定语
    during在…期间  

Many people come to work here during the week.

during the day 在白天
    during the week 周一到周五,整个工作日期间
    during the weekend (周六、周日)周末期间

These people are at a dance party.

The woman in the green dress is dancing with her boyfriend.

    描写人的着装:
    in + 具体的衣服颜色和款式:the woman in the green dress
    in + 颜色: the girl in red(没有定冠词the)

These two people are meeting for the first time.

    meet 相遇,碰头
    meet somebody 和某人碰头
    for the first time 表示第一次

They are shaking hands.

    shake 摇动 -> shaking(现在进行时)
    shake hands 握手
    e.g. shake this bottle of juice before you drink it.喝前摇一摇

This young boy is brushing his teeth.

    young 年轻的
    young boy 小男孩
    tooth -> teeth (名词复数不规则变化)

He brushed his teeth several times a day(一天几次).

    brush teeth 刷牙。
e.g.
I goto the gym several times a week(一周几次).


Food

Candies and cakes are sweet because they are made with lots of sugar.

sweet 甜的
e.g. You are so sweet!

sweet heart(甜心)

candy(单数) -> candies(复数)
sugar 蔗糖(不可数)

被动语态:
    被动语态表示主语是动作的承受者,英语中的被动语态由“be+动车的过去分词”构成

make -> made
be made with 由…构成

Eating too many sweets isn’t good for your teeth.

sweet 甜的(adj.)
sweet(s)甜食(包括糖果、蛋糕等)(n.)
eating too many sweets (动名词做主语)表示吃太多糖这件事,所以后面跟isn’t(单数),而不是跟aren’t

Lemons and grapefruit taste a little sour, so some people don’t like them.

Some sour tasting food have a lot of vitamin C.

    sour 酸的
       lemon 柠檬
       grapefruit 西柚、葡萄柚     
       grape 葡萄

These red peppers are very hot and spicy.

    hot / spicy 辣的
    pepper 辣椒;胡椒
    red pepper 红辣椒
       black pepper 黑胡椒

Eating hot or spicy foods raises body temperature, so don’t eat them before going to bed.    

吃辣的东西体温会升高,建议大家不要在睡前吃。
raise 上升
body temperature 体温   

These foods are deep-fried and greasy.

    fried 油煎、油炒的
    deep-fried 油完全没过食物的(油炸的)
    greasy 油腻的

Greasy foods have a lot of calories, so don’t eat them if you want to lose weight.

    calories 卡路里

Healthy foods are usually natural and don’t include dangerous chemicals.

    Chemicals 化学品

Fruits and vegetables are examples of healthy foods.

    are examples of举例子
    e.g.
Hamburgers and fried chickens are examples of unhealthy foods.


Spatial Relations

The triangle is inside the square.

    inside: 在里面(包围在里面)
    e.g.
a book is inside the bag. 书在袋子里.

The square is around the triangle.

    around: 围绕在外面
    e.g.
       The defensive wall is around the city.防御墙围绕在城市外面。

The triangle is inside the circle.

    三角形在圆形里面

The circle is around the triangle.

    圆形在三角形外面

The square is inside the triangle.

    正方形在三角形里面

The triangle is around the square.

    三角形在正方形外面

The circle is between two small squares.

    圆在两个小正方形中间
    between 在两者之间

There’s a square on either side of the circle.

    圆的两侧各有一个小正方形
    on either side of 在…的两旁

The circle is on the left of a rectangle.

    A on the left of B (A在B的左边)

The rectangle is on the right of the circle.

    A on the right of B (A在B的右边)

Meeting at the Aireport

Hey, where are you?

I don’t see you anywhere.

    anywhere.任何地方

I’m on the subway.

My flight arrived early, and I’m tired.

    arrive -> arrived(过去时)

I’m sorry to be late.

I’ll be there as fast as I can.

一般将来时:
一般将来时表示将来某一时刻的动作或状态,或将来某一段时间内经常的动作或状态。

一般将来时结构:
1. will+动词原形,(will经常简略成’ll,并和主语连在一起)
2. 主语十be动词十going t十动词原形

e.g.
I will meet him tomorrow.
I’m going to meet him tomorrow.

Where are you now?

There are three more stops.

I’ll be there in ten minutes.

in + 时间段  在多长时间之后(一般将来时)
e.g.
in ten minutes
in a few days

I’ll meet you at the bus stop in front of terminal 2.( 2号航站楼)

Then we can get a taxi.

OK. I’ll look for you in front of terminal 2.

See you soon.

look for 寻找
look for his book找他的书
look for a job 找工作

Staying up Late

What’s the matter, Tom?

I don’t feel well.

Are you sick?

    sick 生病的,不舒服的,恶心的

No, I don’t think so. 

    不,我不这么觉得。

I’m just tired.

Didn’t you get enough sleep?

    你没睡好吗?
    enough 充足的

No, I didn’t. 

    我没睡好
否定:No, I didn’t. 
    肯定:Yes, I did.(我睡得很好)
    按事实说话回答,且前后统一。

I went to bed later than usual last night. 

    later than usual 比平常晚

What time did you go to bed?

I didn’t go to bed until 12:00.

    not … until… 直到…才…
    until后可以跟时间点,也可以跟做的事情
    e.g.
       I didn’t go to bed until I finished my homework.

Why did you stay up so late?

    stay up late 熬夜
    so 程度副词

I was watching some videos online.

    过去进行时:
       主语 + be动词的过去式(was/were) + 动词的ing形式
       过去在某段时间或一段时间正在进行的动作或状态
    e.g.
We were watching TV from seven to nine last night.

What kind of videos?

    Kind 种类
    What kind of … 哪一类的?
    e.g.
        What kind of jobs?
        What kind of questions?

Music videos from all over the world.

    all over the world全世界
    =>around the world
    e.g.
       He likes to travel around of the world.

Really?

Sure, I’ll send you some links if you’d like.

    link 链接
    if you’d like.如果你想的话
    => if you would like

    send 发送
       send sb. sth.
            send you some links.
       send sth. to sb.
           I’ll send some links to you, if you’d like.

Thanks, I like music videos too. 

They are really fun. 

Just don’t stay up too late.

Don’t worry.

I won’t stay up too late. 

    一般将来时否定句:
1. 主语 + will not + 动词原形
2. 主语 + will be not going to + 动词原形
=> I’m not going to stay up too late.

I need my sleep. 

回顾:
语法
         现在进行时:主语 + be + 动词ing形式
         被动语态:be + 动词的过去分词
         一般将来时:
1. 主语 + will + 动词原形
2. 主语 + will be going to + 动词原形

一般将来时:
1. 主语 + will not + 动词原形
2. 主语 + will be not going to + 动词原形

位置
         Inside
         around
         between
         on either side of
         on the left/right of

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